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Happy Planet Index Score
Ecological footprint
Wellbeing
Life expectancy
Inequality
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Highest
Use the dropdown menu to explore how  countries compare on each of the four elements of the HPI,  or click on a country to learn more about that nation’s results.
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Use the tables to explore rankings on the Happy Planet Index,  and on each of the components used to calculate Happy Planet Index scores.  Or download the full data set.
China

HPI Score

Rank

/

Life expectancy of

years

Wellbeing of

/ 10

Ecological footprint of

Global hectares per person.

Inequality of

Awards

Number 1
Number 2
Number 3
Top 10
Top 10
Top 10
Top 10
Top 10
Bottom 10
Bottom 10
Bottom 10
Bottom 10
Bottom 10
Top in region
Bottom in region

GDP

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GINI

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Pop.

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The Chinese landscape covers a vast and diverse area of land, and is home to the world’s largest population. Its upper-middle-income economy is largely based on trading and its manufacturing and exports industries. China  ranks 72nd in the Happy Planet Index results.

What’s going well?

China performs reasonably well on both life expectancy and wellbeing. It’s Ecological Footprint, while far beyond environmental limits, is just half that of the USA’s.

China’s health and education outcomes have improved steadily because of government reforms over the last 50 years. A recent 3-year initiative resulted in 95% of China’s population having basic health insurance coverage by 2011. And in 2010, 94% of the population over age 15 were literate, compared to just 20% in 1950.

What’s not going well?

China is often criticised for low levels of political freedom, which manifest as censorship of political speech, information and the internet. In 2014, China ranked 175th out of 180 countries in the Annual World Press Freedom Index. 

Until 2015, China was the world’s fastest-growing major economy, which has taken an environmental toll. It suffers from severe pollution – a factor widely known to negatively impact  not just health, but also wellbeing. On top of these issues, income inequality is rife with about a third of China's wealth held by 1% of citizens.

If China continues to grow at the rate it has been, it must address these issues to mitigate the negative socioeconomic and environmental impacts. 

Photo credit: CC trioptikmal